Peppermint Swirl

The New York Times (NYT) is a national daily newspaper based in New York City. A newspaper of record, it is the second-largest newspaper by print circulation and one of the longest-running newspapers in the United States. The New York Times is published by The New York Times Company, a publicly traded company; since 1896, the company has been chaired by the Ochs-Sulzberger family, including its current chairman and the paper's publisher, A. G. Sulzberger. The Times is headquartered at The New York Times Building in Manhattan. The New York Times covers domestic, national, and international news, and comprises opinion pieces, investigative reports, and reviews. The Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times in 1851 by New-York Tribune journalists Henry Jarvis Raymond and George Jones as a conservative newspaper, assuming The New York Times name in 1896. The Times actively sought to challenge William M. Tweed, the political boss of Tammany Hall, contributing to his 1873 arrest. The New York Times's coverage of the Tweed Ring earned the paper national recognition. After financial difficulties in the years following the Panic of 1893, Chattanooga Times publisher Adolph Ochs gained a controlling interest in the company. Under Ochs, The New York Times experienced significant financial revitalization, expanding its scientific coverage and garnering international recognition. In 1905, the Times moved into the Times Tower on Times Square, later moving to 229 West 43rd Street. Following his death in 1935, Ochs was succeeded by his son-in-law, Arthur Hays Sulzberger, who began a push into European news. During World War II, The New York Times began an international edition that persisted until 1967. The Times was subject to intense Senate Subcommittee on Internal Security investigations and the paper was accused of employing communists. Sulzberger resigned in 1961, appointing Orvil Dryfoos as his short-lived successor. A newspaper strike in 1962 and 1963 drastically altered the New York newspaper scene. Sulzberger's son-in-law Arthur Ochs became publisher in 1963 after Dryfoos's death, adapting to a changing newspaper industry and introducing radical changes. The New York Times was involved in the landmark Supreme Court case New York Times Co. v. Sullivan (1964). In 1971, The New York Times published the Pentagon Papers, an internal Department of Defense document detailing the history of the United States's involvement in the Vietnam War. Then-president Richard Nixon attempted to prevent the Times from publishing the papers through a restraining order. In New York Times Co. v. United States (1971), the Supreme Court ruled in a landmark decision that the First Amendment guaranteed the right for The New York Times, in addition to The Washington Post, to publish the Pentagon Papers under its protection of freedom of the press. The Times began a gradual progression to digital technology in the 1980s and launched in 1996. In the 21st century, The New York Times has shifted digitally amid the decline of newspapers. The New York Times has received 137 Pulitzer Prizes as of 2023, the most of any publication, among other accolades. The Times was one of the last newspapers to utilize color photography, with the first color photograph appearing on The New York Times's front page in October 1997, giving the paper the nickname the "Gray Lady". The Times has expanded to several other publications, including The New York Times Magazine, The New York Times International Edition, The New York Times Book Review. In addition, the paper has produced several television series, podcasts—including The Daily—and games. The New York Times has been involved in several controversies in its history.